Below I’m including a drafty copy of our Counseling Theories syllabus from the University of Montana. My apologies for the wacky font action.
**Draft – 2016 Standards Alignment in Progress**
COUN 511: COUNSELING THEORIES & TECHNIQUES
COURSE SYLLABUS – UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA – Fall 2019
INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION HERE:
SCHEDULED CLASS MEETINGS: Class meets on Mondays from 4:00pm to 6:50pm, beginning Monday, August 26, 2019. The oral final exam for graduate students is TBA.
COURSE CONTENT AND DESCRIPTION: This course is an overview of major theories of counseling and psychotherapy with a special focus on gender, culture, counselor preparation, and common theory-based assessment and case formulation strategies. Because the purpose of counseling and psychotherapy is to help individuals make personally meaningful changes in their lives, we will consistently examine the means through which traditional theories attempt to produce such changes. Students will read about historical and intellectual foundations of major counseling theories, while at the same time, observing skills and techniques employed by practitioners using those theoretical perspectives. There will be opportunities, through assignments and class discussions, for students to analyze clients as well as themselves through the various lenses of psychological theories. Overall, students are encouraged not only to explore all the major theoretical orientations, but also to explore their personal beliefs and values in an effort to develop and deepen their understanding of counseling and psychotherapy process and outcome.
TEXTBOOK: Required: Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2018). Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice (3rd ed). Hoboken: NJ: Wiley.
Recommended: Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2012). Student manual for Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice (2nd ed). Hoboken: NJ: Wiley.
COURSE OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this course is to introduce you to theories and techniques used by a variety of mental health professionals, school counselors, and other human service providers. We will explore and discuss the major theories and their practical application.
CACREP-Related Course Objectives: This course is a first Fall semester requirement for graduate students in Counseling at the University of Montana. The course includes content related to CACREP Core Standards and CACREP Specialty Standards. Specific key performance indicators are evaluated through course assignments, midterm and final examinations, and via an oral examination at the end of the semester. The oral examination focuses on the content of counseling theories and their application. The goals of the assessments in this course are to determine (a) how well the Counselor Education faculty is teaching specific CACREP-related objectives, (b) students’ ability to articulate and apply counseling theories, and (c) student readiness to enroll in counseling practicum (COUN 530).
DISABILITY ACCOMMODATIONS: If you are a student with a disability and wish to discuss reasonable accommodations for this course, contact me privately to discuss the specific modifications you wish to request. Please be advised I may request that you provide a letter from Disability Services for Students verifying your right to reasonable modifications. If you have not yet contacted Disability Services, located in Lommasson Center 154, please do so in order to verify your disability and to coordinate your reasonable modifications. For more information, visit the Disability Services website at www.umt.edu/dss/.
ACADEMIC INTEGRITY: All students must practice academic honesty. Academic misconduct is subject to an academic penalty by the course instructor and/or disciplinary sanction by the University. All students need to be familiar with the Student Conduct Code. The Code is available for review online at http://www.umt.edu/vpsa/policies/student_conduct.php.
IN-CLASS BEHAVIOR STANDARDS AND LEARNING ENVIRONMENT: In the Department of Counseling and at the University of Montana we strive to establish and maintain a positive learning environment. The expectation is that we will strive to treat one another with respect . . . even when we disagree. This also means that students (and faculty) will turn off their cell phones and not engage in internet shopping/surfing/social networking during class. If calls and texting are necessary, you should either not attend class or take care of your calling and texting at class break. If you need to be on-call due to employment responsibilities, please let me know.
1. Lectures/class demonstrations.
- Guest lectures/student presentations.
- Video/DVD/Film presentations.
- Class activities.
- Class discussions.
GRADING PROCEDURES: Grades are based on completion of class assignments, midterm and final examination scores, and class participation/attendance. Course assignments are listed and described in a separate section. The grading scale is below:
A = 93%+ B- = 80-82% D+ = 67-69%
- = 90-92% C+ = 77-79% D = 63-66%
B+ = 87-89% C = 73-76% D- = 60-62%
B = 83-86% C- = 70-72% F = Below 60%
APPROXIMATE SCHEDULE OF CLASS TOPICS AND ASSIGNMENTS
|Week||Date||Assigned Reading||In-Class Topic||Assignments Due|
In future weeks, read chapters before class
|Syllabus distribution and introduction to counseling and psychotherapy.
|Be sure to login to the Moodle course supplement. This is mostly for communication and to give me something to complain about.|
|XX||9/2||None||Labor Day No Class|
|Ch. 2||Psychoanalytic Theory and Therapy.
|3||9/16||Ch. 3||Individual psychology and Adlerian therapy – Guest Lecture with Dr. Veronica “Roni” Johnson|
|4||9/23||Ch. 4||Existential theory and therapy||Initial theories reflection paper due, by midnight 9/22/19 (30 points)|
|Review chapters 1-4 and lectures||Midterm #1 – 1st hour: Covers chapters 1-4. [From 5:30pm to 6:50pm there will be a WHOLE CLASS skills lab focusing on person-centered therapy and mental imagery]||Midterm #1 (50 pts)
Chapters 1-4 plus lecture material
|6||10/7||Ch. 5||The person-centered approach.|
|7||10/14||Ch. 6||Gestalt theory and techniques.|
|8||10/21||Ch. 7||Behavioral theory and therapy.|
|9||10/28||Ch. 8||Cognitive approaches (or CBT).|
|10||11/4||Review readings and lectures.||Midterm #2 – 1st hour.
Covers chapters 5-8, plus lectures. [From 5:30pm to 6:50pm there will be a WHOLE CLASS skills lab focusing on CBT.]
|Midterm #2 (50 pts).
Chapters 5-8, plus lectures
|9||11/11||Ch. 9||Choice theory and reality therapy|
|11||11/18||Ch. 10||Feminist theory and therapy.|
|12||11/25||Ch. 11||Constructive theory and therapy.|
|13||12/2||Ch. 13 and 14||Multicultural theory and therapy and Counseling integration.||Final papers due by midnight on Friday, 12/6/19|
|14||Week of 12/9||Review readings and lectures.||Final examination.
Covers chapters 9, 10, 11, 13, 14
|Final exam (50 pts). Chapters 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, plus lectures
The graduate oral final exam is TBD
OFFICIAL ASSIGNMENT DESCRIPTIONS
There are 290 possible points available (YOU CAN CHOOSE TO DO #3 A or B, BUT NOT BOTH).
- Two Midterm Examinations (50 points each; 100 total): These are standard multiple choice and short answer exams. They will cover material from all the lectures and chapters as outlined in the syllabus and worth 50 points each. You’ll be expected to take the exams at their scheduled times; if you have a time conflict, contact us in advance and we’ll set up an alternative exam time. If you have a last minute crisis (e.g., an accident, illness, or emergency) contact us ASAP and we’ll be flexible. In all cases, you’ll need to arrange a special time and sit for the exam within one week of the original exam date or you’ll get a zero. We will be flexible the first time. If a pattern of irresponsibility emerges, we’ll become less flexible and you’ll be required to take a much harder examination.
- Initial Theories Reflection Paper (30 points; see calendar for due date): This is a short paper designed to accomplish three objectives: (a) give you an opportunity, early in the course, to explore a concept from the text or from class in greater depth; (b) provide you with an initial, simple library-related assignment; (c) provide me with an early sample of your writing skills.
The paper can focus on virtually any topic addressed in class or covered in the first four chapters of the text. Here’s what you should do:
- Select a topic: Sample topics include
- The great psychotherapy debate
- Informed consent
- Multicultural competence
- Doing no harm
- The seduction hypothesis
- Defense mechanisms
- Feminism and psychoanalysis
- Why children misbehave
- Earliest recollections
- Paradoxical strategies
- Read the section in the text about that topic
- Go to the library (or do an online search) and find a professional journal reference pertaining to your topic and then list it in APA format in the reference section of your paper.
- Write a three page paper (following APA format) on your selected topic
- In your paper write (a) a description of the topic or issue and why you think it is an especially important topic for beginning counselors; (b) additional information that you learned about the topic through your library research; (c) a reflection that includes critical comments about the topic/issue; and (d) some concluding comments about how this topic is relevant for you and your work in the future as a counselor
The paper will be graded in the following areas: (a) attention to detail/typos, etc. (3 points; 10%); (b) following APA format (3 points; 10%); (c) writing skills/grammar/organization (6 points; 20%); (d) general summary and accuracy regarding the topic chosen (12 points; 40%); (e) inclusion of some original and interesting thoughts about the topic (6 points; 20%).
- Choose ONE of the following assignments to complete:
- Theories or Cultural Book Review and Critique (50 points; see calendar for due date): The purpose of this assignment is for you, as an individual, to dive deeper into, and learn more about, a theory of interest to you. I have many books in my office that you can peruse for this assignment or you can go to the library or you can buy something on your own. After you’ve selected a book and check with me to make sure it’s acceptable, there are three parts to this assignment: (a) read your selected book; (b) write a four-page summary and critique of the book (include both a summary and critique—focusing on the book’s strengths and weaknesses as well as a description of how you will apply the information you learned from the book to your life in the future); and (c) be prepared to provide a ten-minute presentation on the book at our final class, although please note that book presentations may or may not happen depending on time – TBA. If they do, you should just say if you recommend the book to others and how you rate it on a 1-100 scale and engage the class in a brief demonstration of something you learned from the book.
This assignment is worth 50 points. To earn the 50 points you will need to turn in high quality work. You will lose points for typos, misspelled words, concepts that are defined poorly or used incorrectly, incomplete or unclear descriptions of the text. In particular, you will be graded on the quality of your summary and critique. Your summary will need to be accurate and show that you understand the content of the book. Your critique should show some sophistication of thought and reflection. Although your personal opinion is desired, you should also provide a critique based on a professional source (e.g., the text, a journal article, etc). Failure to cite at least one relevant reference linked to the book content will cause you to lose five points.
- Personal Change Project (50 points; see calendar for due date): The purpose of this assignment is for you to apply some sort of personal change strategy to yourself. Previously this was a purely behavior modification project, but due to diverse student interest, you can now engage in any personal change strategy you like.
You’ll be using APA Style. That means you’ll have the following sections:
- Introduction: In this section you’ll introduce your target behavior and your rationale for choosing to change it. You’ll include a small bit of background research on different methods for potentially modifying your target behavior. This will require at least two professional journal citations (please, DO NOT cite online and unsubstantiated gibberish). Although you may have some incredible ideas yourself, the point is for you to NOT completely rely on your own idiosyncratic ideas about how to change your target behavior. For example, let’s say you chose to reduce your intake of sugar. There have been many books and articles written on diet change. I would expect you to read and reference a few of these.
- Method: In this section you will identify and define a specific, measurable behavior that you would like to increase, decrease, or eliminate. This behavior is called your “target behavior.” For example, you might choose to increase exercise behavior. To begin this assignment, you need to have a clear, operational description of the behavior and a method for measuring the occurrence of the behavior. For example, if you select “push-ups” as your behavior to increase, you would need to define exactly what you meant by “push-up” and then detail a method for obsessively tracking (measuring) of your push-up behavior. Other behaviors people have chosen in the past include: (a) increasing dream recall; (b) decreasing cigarette smoking; (c) increasing smiling behavior; (d) decreasing fingernail biting behavior; (e) increasing study behavior, etc. Of course, I encourage you to identify what you want to change, rather than simply choosing one of the aforementioned target behaviors. The method also includes a description of your change plan. Describe it so well that it could be replicated. Your plan SHOULD NOT rely exclusively on your WILLPOWER. It should flow from your introduction or brief look at the scientific literature. When I grade your assignment I’m interested in the specific techniques you’ve gleaned from the text or outside readings. For example, if you’re using a behavioral approach, I’d look for you to use strategies like: (a) positive reinforcement; (b) punishment; (c) response cost; (d) negative reinforcement; (e) stimulus control; (f) stimulus generalization; (g) fading; (h) unconditioned stimulus; (i) conditioned stimulus, etc. If you choose to use a cognitive approach, consider using the three column technique, shades of gray, visualization, rational disputing, etc. Your method section includes the method through which you plan to make your changes. Please inform John of your target behavior before proceeding with the assignment. Email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or pass me a note in class informing me of your chosen behavior and general strategy. Tip: Don’t select an infrequent behavior because then it will take you several years to get done. Write a contract for yourself (e.g., “I Rita SF, do solemnly swear. . .”). Include the behavior, the plan, your goals, and a space for you and a witness (someone in your social environment) to sign and co-sign the contract.
- Results: I’ll be looking for two main things in your results section. First, I want to see numbers or a chart or graph that you’ve used to track your target behavior. This will include a baseline measurement of your target behavior over at least one week. I need to be able to see and understand your progress or lack thereof. Second, to capture your qualitative experience, I want to see a weekly journal entry about how it’s going. Discuss your feelings, your personal experience and perspective, and why you think the project is working or not working. You can also modify your change plan during the semester, as long as you clearly identify how and why you’re going to change your approach in your weekly journal entry, also noting that in your results section. Remember that good counselors are very flexible and creative in their approach.
- Discussion: The discussion is your reflection on the project. It focuses on “what happened” (the results) but also provides a platform for you to speculate on what helped, what didn’t, and why.
- References: You need at least two professional citations in APA format.
- Appendix: Include a signed (and countersigned) contract to yourself as a commitment to this behavior change project.
This assignment is worth 50 points. To earn the 50 points you will need to turn in high quality work. However, your grade on this project is NOT AT ALL based on your success or failure in changing your behavior.
You will lose points for typos, misspelled words, concepts that are defined poorly or used incorrectly, incomplete or unclear descriptions of what you did and what happened, etc. Failure to cite at least a couple of relevant studies, articles, or books will also lose significant points. Follow the outline and you’ll have a good start. Please do your best work. Good luck and have fun!
- Attendance (30 points): We’ll take attendance at every class. Perfect attendance is worth 30 points. You’ll lose an increasing number of points for each class missed (even if you miss class for legitimate reasons). You lose 0 points for missing one class (everyone deserves a mental health day), 6 points for missing two classes, 9 more (total = 15) for the third, 15 more (all 30 points are lost) for the fourth. There will be in-class reflection assignments. If you don’t turn these in or do a poor job you’ll lose attendance points. To be fair, you can earn back points from missing class by completing additional assignments. You can earn attendance points back by listening to recorded lectures (as available), contacting Kindle Lewis (the TA) who will give you an additional assignment (e.g., writing an essay or responding to several lecture-related questions). Alternative assignments may be used at our discretion. If you’re motivated you can recover lost points.
- Graduate Skills Lab (30 points): All students enrolled in COUN 511 or taking the course for graduate credit will participate in a Counseling Skills Lab. We will break into smaller groups for this and the exact time and place for the lab is TBA. It will consist of 6-8 meetings (two of which will be after the first midterm) during which you practice the skills associated with specific theories on each other. We will start communicating about lab meeting times during the first week of the semester. If you miss one Grad Lab, you lose 15 points. If you miss two Grad Labs, you lose all 30 points.
- Final Oral Examination (50 points): For all graduate students, you will sit for a small (about 10 students) 90 minute group examination. You will be given short answer questions and a role-play assignment at least one week prior to the exam to help you prepare and study. During the exam, you’ll be asked, at random, several questions from the questions you’ve been given (and hopefully have studied) and you’ll be asked to demonstrate via role-play several skills associated with at least one theoretical orientation. This exam format is designed to help you learn to orally articulate and apply some of the theories concepts we’ve studied during the semester.
CACREP KPIs for Core and Specialty Counseling Competencies
All courses in the Department of Counseling include content related to our national Counseling and Counseling-Related Educational Programs (CACREP) accreditation. CACREP identifies specific Core Standards as well as Specialty Standards. The following Table includes a listing of the CACREP Core and Specialty Standards covered by COUN 511 course content. Additionally, some of the standards listed below are the focus of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). KPIs are specific CACREP standards that are systematically evaluated in order to determine whether students are learning key CACREP-related course content. In this course (COUN 511), the KPIs are evaluated through using the course assignments, experiential laboratory activities, midterm and final examinations, and via an oral examination at the end of the semester.
|Core Standard||Content Found||Key Performance Indicator|
|2. SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY|
|b. theories and models of multicultural counseling, cultural identity development, and social justice and advocacy
|COUN 511 – Students read about how each theory addresses culture, sexuality, and spirituality.
|c. multicultural counseling competencies
|COUN 511 – Students read about the MCCs in Chapter 1 and Chapter 13 of the textbook
|d. the impact of heritage, attitudes, beliefs, understandings, and acculturative experiences on an individual’s views of others
|COUN 511 – Students read about this content in Chapter 13 and participate in a classroom activity.
|5. COUNSELING AND HELPING RELATIONSHIPS|
|a. theories and models of counseling
|COUN 511 – Students read about theories and models of counseling in their textbook and practice techniques linked to the theories in their counseling labs.||Two midterm examinations and one oral final examination are used to measure student knowledge three times during the course.|
|b. a systems approach to conceptualizing clients
|COUN 511 – Students read about systems approaches in Chapters 11 and 12.|
|f. counselor characteristics and behaviors that influence the counseling process
|COUN 511 – Students read about specific counselor characteristics and behaviors that influence counseling process and outcomes in the textbook.
|g. essential interviewing, counseling, and case conceptualization skills
|COUN 511 – Students read about how to engage in case formulation and treatment planning in every theories chapter of the textbook.
|h. developmentally relevant counseling treatment or intervention plans
|COUN 511 – Students read about counseling theories, treatments, and interventions that are more or less useful with specific developmental populations in the textbook.
|i. development of measurable outcomes for clients
|COUN 511 – Students read about measuring outcomes in every theories chapter of the textbook.
|j. evidence-based counseling strategies and techniques for prevention and intervention||COUN 511 – Students read about evidence pertaining to counseling strategies and techniques associated with each theory in the textbook.|
|n. processes for aiding students in developing a personal model of counseling||COUN 511 – Students read about how to integrate their personal ideas with existing theoretical models in the textbook.||Students take a theoretical orientation test and write a one-page reflection on their initial preferred model of counseling.|
|8. RESEARCH AND PROGRAM EVALUATION|
|a. the importance of research in advancing the counseling profession, including how to critique research to inform counseling practice
|COUN 511 – Students read about research linked to each theory presented in the textbook.|
|b. identification of evidence-based counseling practices
|COUN 511 – Students read about evidence-based counseling practices in every chapter of the textbook.|
|d. development of outcome measures for counseling programs
|COUN 511 – Students read about theory-based counseling outcome measures in every theories chapter.
|e. evaluation of counseling interventions and programs
|COUN 511 – Students read about theory-based counseling outcome measures in every theories chapter.